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9 mai 2011 1 09 /05 /mai /2011 11:32

 

CONSTANTIN BRANCUSI is a french romanian-born  artist , who made

his career in France, between 1904 and 1957.  

 

Born in Hobita, Romania, february 19, 1876 , died in Paris, march 16, 1957.

In 1952, Brancusi became a French citizen.

In April 1956, Brancusi left his studio, with all that it contains, to the French State:

137 sculptures, 87 sockets, 41 drawings and 1600 photographic platesfurniture, library.

 


In 1904 Brancusi left Romania for Paris, and in 1905 entered the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in the studio of sculptor Antonin Mercié.  
In 1906, participation in various fairs. On the recommendation of Mercié, it exposes three plaster at the Salon d'Automne where Rodin, president of the jury, says his work. Brancusi continue to exhibit at the Salon d'Automne in 1907 and 1909.

In 1907, Rodin  invited him to work as an assistant. There he met the painter and photographer Edward Steichen. But his work does not extend beyond a month. "Nothing grows in the shade of large trees," he said. The Art Museum of Bucharest buys a first work.

Brancusi moved to 54, rue de Montparnasse.
He began practicing direct carving, making Wisdom of the Earth and The Kiss.

In 1908, on the occasion of his participation in the Salon of the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts in Paris, critic Charles Morice presents him as "one of the most gifted artists of his generation." Modigliani, Léger, Henri Rousseau became his friends.

In 1910, participating for the first time at the Salon des Independants where he will exhibit regularly until 1913 and then in 1920.
Meeting Margit Pogany  young Hungarian artist who inspired him several sculptures.
Tuesday evenings to be chaired by the poet Paul fort he meets, besides his friends Leger and Modigliani, Apollinaire, Marinetti, Picasso and other artists and writers.
Receives an order for the tomb of a young Russian woman who killed herself for love, Tatiana Rachewskaïa. It was on his grave he moved the following year, The Kiss, in Montparnasse Cemetery.
 

1913, New York, he participated with five sculptures at the famous Armory Show exhibition, exhibition then to Chicago, where his works and those of Duchamp scandal.
The exhibits at the Salon des Independants Maiastra.

1914 First solo exhibition in New York at the Photo-Secession Gallery of Alfred Stieglitz, his works are installed by their mutual friend, Edward Steichen.
John Quinn, who will become his main collector, bought some of his works.

1918 First Endless Column. 1921, Man Ray, who moved to Paris, advises to buy photographic equipment.

In 1922, It is twenty-one   sculptures, sixteen belonging to John Quinn, that participates in Contemporary French Art Exhibition at the Sculptors' Gallery in New York.

In 1924, "A Bird in Space" at the Salon des Tuileries, and participated in the Venice Biennale in the Romanian Pavilion.

1926 First trip to the United States in January, on the occasion of his third solo exhibition in New York, Wildenstein Galleries in New York, during which he met the collector couple Louise and Walter Arensberg and architect William Lescaze with which he speaks of a project installation The endless Column in New York.
Installing The Endless Column carved into the trunk of a poplar in the garden Steichen Voulangis.

Second trip in late September in the United States on the occasion of his fourth solo exhibition in New York at the American gallery Joseph Brummer. His works conveyed by Marcel Duchamp from Havre, are arrested by U.S. Customs, which, considering that it is not art, imposes a tax of 40% of the value of "objects".

1931 Meet the Maharajah of Indore. Birth Project Deliverance Temple in India.

In 1935, The National League of Women Department of Gorj it passes control monument Târgu Jiu.

In 1938, India travel, end of the project for the Maharajah of Indore.
Inauguration of the monument in Târgu Jiu.

In 1939, the last trip to the United States, attended the opening of the exhibition Art in our Time at the Museum of Modern Art. In Chicago, plans to make a stainless steel column height of a skyscraper.

1946, The National Museum of Modern Art bought him three sculptures: Le Coq, 1935, The Seal, 1943, and The Sleeping Muse, 1910.

In April 1956, Brancusi left his studio, with all that it contains, to the French State:

137 sculptures, 87 sockets, 41 drawings and 1600 photographic platesfurniture, library.

 

In 1957,Death of Brancusi in Paris.

 

 

Famous Brâncuşi works include the Sleeping Muse (1908), The Kiss (1908), Prometheus (1911), Mademoiselle Pogany (1913), The Newborn (1915), Bied in Space (1919) and The Column of the Infinite ( Coloana Infinitului), popularly known as The Endless Column (1938). Considered the pioneer of modernism Brâncuşi is called the Patriarch of Modern Sculpture.

 

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Non profit video directed by Adèla Stefanov
Music by GEORGE ENESCU, ROMANIAN RHAPSODY

 

 

"Don't look for obscure formulas or mystery in my work. It is pure joy that I offer you. Look at my sculptures until you see them. Those closest to God have seen them.

Simplicity is not an objective in art, but one achieves simplicity despite one's self by entering into the real sense of things.

Things are not difficult to make; what is difficult is putting ourselves in the state of mind to make them.

What is real is not the external form, but the essence of things... it is impossible for anyone to express anything essentially real by imitating its exterior surface.

They are imbeciles who call my work abstract. That which they call abstract is the most realistic, because what is real is not the exterior but the idea, the essence of things."
CONSTANTIN BRANCUSI

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I studied architecture, with an option scenology and worked  in naval architecture.
  • I am a French spiritual artist . I studied architecture, with an option scenology and worked in naval architecture.

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